Fundamentals of Computer MCQ

Fundamentals of Computer MCQ

1.Programs designed to perform specific tasks is known as
(A) System software
(B) Application software ✔️
(C) Utility programs
(D) Operating system

2.The storage subsystem in a microcomputer consists mainly of ___ or ___ media with varying capacities
(A) Memory or video
(B) Magnetic or optical ✔️
(C) Optical or memory
(D) Video or magnetic

3.Computer operators
(A) Writes computer programs for specific problems
(B) Operate the device which input and output data from the computer ✔️
(C) Normally require a college degree in computer science
(D) All of the above

4.What is a compiler?
(A) A compiler does a conversion line by line as the program is run
(B) A compiler converts the whole of a higher level program code into machine code in one step ✔️
(C) A compiler is a general purpose language providing very efficient execution
(D) None of the above

5.Which of the following is not anti-viruses software?
(B) F-Prot
(C) Oracle ✔️
(D) McAfee

6.Computers are also called personal computers
(A) Mainframe Computer
(B) Mini Computers
(C) Micro Computers ✔️
(D) Super Computers

7.Identify the correct statement
(A) IBM PCs used RISC CPU designs
(B) Macintosh used CISC CPU design
(C) IBM used CISC CPU design ✔️
(D) None of above is true

8.Which of the following statement is false?
(A) Mechanical analog computers have existed for thousands of years
(B) There are mechanical analog computers and electronic analog computers.
(C) All electronic computers are digital computers ✔️
(D) All of above are false

9.Which of the following is not input unit device?
(A) Scanner
(B) Camera
(C) Plotter ✔️
(D) Digitizer

10.Which of the following require large computers memory?
(A) Imaging
(B) Graphics
(C) Voice
(D) All of Above ✔️

11.When was the first electro-mechanical computer developed?
(A) 1880
(B) 1990
(C) 1944 ✔️
(D) None of above

12.Which of the following is machine independence program?
(A) High level language ✔️
(B) Low level language
(C) Assembly language
(D) Machine language

13.The first machine to successfully perform a long series of arithmetic and logical operations was:
(B) Mark-I ✔️
(C) Analytic Engine

14.FORTRAN programming language is more suitable for ____
(A) Business Applications
(B) Marketing Applications
(C) Scientific Applications ✔️
(D) None of the above

15.Which one is the largest space?
(A) Kilobyte
(B) Petabyte ✔️
(C) Terabyte
(D) Gigabyte

16.The brain of any computer system is
(A) Control Unit
(B) Arithmetic Logic Unit
(C) Central Processing Unit ✔️
(D) Storage Unit

17.Analog computer works on the supply of
(A) Continuous Electrical Pulses ✔️
(B) Electrical pulses but not continuous
(C) Magnetic strength
(D) None of the above

18.An error in software or hardware is called a bug. What is the alternative computer jargon for it?
(A) Leech
(B) Squid
(C) Slug
(D) Glitch ✔️

19.The advantage of COM are its __ and __
(A) Compact size; speed readability ✔️
(B) Compact size, speed
(C) Readability; speed
(D) Low cost; readability

20.Which printer is very commonly used for desktop publishing?
(A) Laser Printer ✔️
(B) Inkjet printer
(C) Daisywheel printer
(D) Dot matrix printer

21.The BIOS is the abbreviation of _.
(A) Basic Input Output System ✔️
(B) Best Input Output System
(C) Basic Input Output Symbol
(D) Base Input Output System

22.IBM 1401 is
(A) First Generation Computer
(B) Second Generation Computer ✔️
(C) Third Generation Computer
(D) Fourth Generation Computer

23.Floppy disks typically in diameter
(A) 3
(B) 5.25
(C) 8
(D) All of Above ✔️

24.Most of the first generation computers were
(A) Special Purpose Computers ✔️
(B) General purpose computers
(C) Both of above
(D) None of above

25.The output quality of a printer is measured by
(A) Dot per inch
(B) Dot per sq. inch ✔️
(C) Dots printed per unit time
(D) All of above

26.In a computer is capable to store single binary bit.
(A) Capacitor
(B) Flip flop ✔️
(C) Register
(D) Inductor

27.On a PC, how much memory is available to application software?
(A) 1024 KB
(B) 760 KB
(C) 640 KB ✔️
(D) 560 KB

28.What does DMA stand for?
(A) Distinct Memory Access
(B) Direct Memory Access ✔️
(C) Direct Module Access
(D) Direct Memory Allocation

29.Operating system, editors, and debuggers comes under?
(A) System Software ✔️
(B) Application Software
(C) Utilities
(D) None of the above

30.Who invented Integrated Circuits?
(A) Jack Kilby
(B) Robert Noyce
(C) Both of Above ✔️
(D) None of above

31.One computer that is not considered a portable is
(A) Minicomputer ✔️
(B) Laptop computer
(C) Notebook computer
(D) All of above

32.What is the name of the display feature that highlights are of the screen which requires operator attention?
(A) Pixel
(B) Reverse Video ✔️
(C) Touch screen
(D) Cursor

33.Which of the following is not an electronic computer?
(B) ABC ✔️

34.Which is the largest computer?
(A) Mainframe Computer ✔️
(B) Mini Computers
(C) Micro Computers
(D) Super Computers

35.The personal computer industry was started by
(A) IBM ✔️
(B) Apple
(C) Compaq

36.Which of the following are the best units of data on an external storage device?
(A) Bits
(B) Bytes ✔️
(C) Hertz
(D) Clock cycles

37.What is meant by a dedicated computer?
(A) Which is used by one person only
(B) Which is assigned one and only one task ✔️
(C) Which uses one kind of software
(D) Which is meant for application software

38.What was the main disadvantage of vacuum tubes?
(A) They were larger in size
(B) They consumed a lot of electricity
(C) They produced heat and often burned out ✔️
(D) The operation cost was high

39.Which programming languages are classified as low level languages?
(B) Prolog 2, Expert Systems
(C) Knowledge based Systems
(D) Assembly Languages ✔️

40.Registers, which are partially visible to users and used to hold conditional, are known as
(A) PC
(B) Memory address registers
(C) General Purpose Register ✔️
(D) Flags

41.Registers which are partially visible to users and used to hold conditional codes (bits set by the CPU hardware as the result of operations), are known as
(A) PC
(B) Flags ✔️
(C) Memory Address Registers
(D) General Purpose Registers

42.Which is not a computer of first generation?
(C) IBM 360
(D) IBM 1401 ✔️

43.Who invented vacuum tubes?
(A) John Bardeen
(B) William Shockley
(C) Lee de Forest
(D) All of above

44.Who suggested Stored Program Concept
(A) John Mauchley
(B) J.P. Eckert
(C) John Neumann ✔️
(D) Joseph Jacquard

45.An approach that permits the computer to work on several programs instead of one is
(A) On-line thesaurus
(B) Multiprogramming
(C) Over lapped processing ✔️
(D) Outline processor

46.The central processing unit (CPU) consists of
(A) Input, output and processing
(B) Control unit, primary storage, and secondary storage
(C) Control unit, arithmetic-logic unit and primary storage ✔️
(D) Control unit, processing, and primary storage

47.Which is the highest form?
(A) Data
(B) Information
(C) Knowledge ✔️
(D) All of above

48.What is an interpreter?
(A) An interpreter does the conversion line by line as the program is run
(B) An interpreter is the representation of the system being designed ✔️
(C) An interpreter is a general purpose language providing very efficient execution
(D) None of the above

49.Who is credited with the idea of using punch cards to control patterns in a waving machine?
(A) Pascal
(B) Hollerith
(C) Babbage
(D) Jacquard ✔️

50.Which is a semi conductor memory?
(A) Dynamic
(B) Static
(C) Bubble
(D) Both A & B ✔️

51.Which of the following is not a valid size of a Floppy Disk?
(A) 8?
(B) 5 ¼?
(C) 3 ½?
(D) 5 ½? ✔️

52.RJ45 UTP cable has Cables.
(A) 2 pair
(B) 3 pair
(C) 4 pair ✔️
(D) 5 pair

53.Word length of a Personal Computer is ___
(A) 4 bits
(B) 8 bits ✔️
(C) 16 bits
(D) 64 bits

54.The earliest calculating devices are
(A) Abacus ✔️
(B) Clock
(C) Difference Engine
(D) None of these

55.What was the first computer to perform all calculation using electronics rather than wheels, ratchets, or mechanical switches?
(A) Mark I
(B) ABC ✔️
(C) Z3
(D) None of above

56.Which unit converts computer data into human readable form?
(A) Input unit
(B) Output unit ✔️
(D) Control Unit

57.A directly accessible appointment calendar is feature of a __ resident package
(B) Memory ✔️
(C) Buffer

58.The full form of ALU is
(A) Arithmetic Logic Unit ✔️
(B) Array Logic Unit
(C) Application Logic Unit
(D) None of above

59.Which of the following device was not invented by Babbage?
(A) Pascaline ✔️
(B) Difference Engine
(C) Analytical Engine
(D) None of above

60.What produces useful information out of data?
(A) Computer
(B) Processing ✔️
(C) Programming
(D) none of above

61.A digital computer did not score over an analog computer in terms of
(A) Speed
(B) Accuracy ✔️
(C) Reliability
(D) Cost

62.A computer has very low failure rate because it uses electronic components. It produces very consistent results. This is highlighted by which of the feature of computer?
(A) Accuracy
(B) Reliability ✔️
(C) Versatility
(D) Automatic

63.Which number system is usually followed in a typical 32-bit computer?
(A) Binary ✔️
(B) Decimal
(C) Hexadecimal
(D) Octal

64.Which electronic component was made out of semiconductor material?
(A) Vacuum tubes
(B) Transistors
(C) ICs ✔️
(D) All of above

65.A paper printout of a document is known as
(A) Softcopy output
(B) Hardcopy Output ✔️
(C) Permanent Output
(D) All of above

66.The act of retrieving existing data from memory is called
(A) Read-out
(B) Read from
(C) Read
(D) All of Above ✔️

67.ABC is a
(A) Special Purpose Computer ✔️
(B) General purpose computer
(C) All Purpose Computer
(D) None of above

68.Which part of the computer is used for calculating and comparing?
(A) Disk unit
(B) Control unit ✔️
(D) Modem

69.The computer code for the interchange of information between terminals is
(A) ASCII ✔️
(D) All of above

70.What is the first stage in software development?
(A) Specification and design
(B) Testing
(C) System Analysis ✔️
(D) Maintenance

71.When was the X window system born?
(A) 1984 ✔️
(B) 1989
(C) 1988
(D) 1990

72.Which of the following is valid statement?
(A) Data in itself is useless unless it is processed ✔️
(B) The data that is processed is called a program
(C) The data which is not yet processed is information
(D) Information is processed by computer to generate data.

73.EBCDIC stands for
(A) Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code ✔️
(B) Extended Bit Code Decimal Interchange Code
(C) Extended Bit Case Decimal Interchange Code
(D) Extended Binary Case Decimal Interchange Code

74.The Second Generation Computer was based on _.
(A) Vacuum Tube
(B) Silicon Chips
(C) Transistor ✔️
(D) Bio Chips

75.Personnel who design, program, operates and maintains computer equipment refers to
(A) Console-operator
(B) Programmer
(C) Peopleware ✔️
(D) System Analyst

76.A system is
(A) An integration of different units so as to achieve an objective ✔️
(B) Input unit
(C) Input and output unit
(D) Input, output and storage units

77.IBM System/360 is
(A) Mainframe Computer ✔️
(B) Mini Computers
(C) Micro Computers
(D) None of above

78.Which of the following programming language started from second generation?
(A) Cobol ✔️
(C) C

79.EEPROM stands for
(A) Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory ✔️
(B) Easily Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
(C) Electronic Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
(D) None of the above

80.The translator program used in assembly language is called
(A) Compiler
(B) Interpreter
(C) Assembler ✔️
(D) Translator

81.Bit map terminal
(A) Support display containing multiple windows
(B) Require considerable amount of video RAM
(C) Requires tremendous amount of copying and hence low performance
(D) All of Above ✔️

82.First generation computers used for memory
(A) Vacuum tubes
(B) Silicon chips
(C) Magnetic Drum ✔️

83.Regarding data, computers are very good at
(A) store
(B) Processing
(C) retrieve
(D) All of Above ✔️

84.Which of the following memories allows simultaneous read and write operations?
(B) RAM ✔️
(D) None of above

85.ENIAC uses
(A) Decimal Numbering System ✔️
(B) Octal Numbering System
(C) Binary Numbering System
(D) Hexadecimal Numbering System

86.EPROM can be used for
(A) Erasing the contents of ROM
(B) Reconstructing the contents of ROM
(C) Erasing and reconstructing the contents of ROM ✔️
(D) Duplicating ROM

87.A term associated with the comparison of processing speeds of different computer system is:

88.A 32 bit microprocessor has the word length equal to
(A) 2 byte
(B) 32 byte
(C) 4 byte ✔️
(D) 8 byte

89.Which of the following is problem oriented language?
(A) High level language ✔️
(B) Machine language
(C) Assembly language
(D) Low level language

90.The term GIGO is related to
(A) Accuracy
(B) Reliability
(C) Versatility
(D) Automatic

91.Bit stands for
(A) Binary digits ✔️
(B) Bit of system
(C) A part of byte
(D) All of above

92.Web cam is an
(A) Input unit device ✔️
(B) Output unit device
(C) Processing device
(D) Input and Output device

93.Access time is
(A) Seek time + latency time ✔️
(B) Seek time
(C) Seek time? latency time
(D) Latency time

94.Which of the following is a read only memory storage device?
(A) Floppy Disk
(B) CD-ROM ✔️
(C) Hard Disk
(D) None of these

95.Which device can understand difference between data & programs?
(A) Input device
(B) Output device
(C) Memory
(D) Microprocessor ✔️

96.Symbolic logic was discovered by
(A) George Boole ✔️
(B) Herman Hollerith
(C) Van Neumann
(D) Basic Pascal

97.What was the expected feature of fifth generation computers when Japan started FGCS?
(A) Operating Systems
(B) Parallel Processing ✔️
(D) None of above

98.Which of the following memory medium is not used as main memory system?
(A) Magnetic core
(B) Semiconductor
(C) Magnetic tape ✔️
(D) Both semiconductor and magnetic tape

99.Personal computers used a number of chips mounted on a main circuit board. What is the common name for such boards?
(A) Daughterboard
(B) Motherboard ✔️
(C) Father board
(D) Childboard

100.The notable features like keyboards, monitors, GUI were developed in
(A) First generation
(B) Second generation
(C) Third generation ✔️
(D) Fourth generation

Fundamental of Computer MCQ-1
Fundamental of Computer MCQ-2
Fundamental of Computer MCQ-3
Fundamental of Computer MCQ-4
Fundamental of Computer MCQ-5
Fundamental of Computer MCQ-6
About me