MCQ Fundamentals of Computer

MCQ Fundamentals of Computer

1.Which was the computer conceived by Babbage?
(A) Analytical Engine ✔️
(B) Arithmetic Machine
(C) Donald Kunth
(D) All of above

2.Model 5100 was __ in 1957.
(A) The first PC built by IBM ✔️
(B) The first PC built by Apple
(C) The first PC built by Motorola
(D) The first PC built by Intel

3.A kind of scanner MICR is the short form of
(A) Magnetic Ink Character Reader ✔️
(B) Magnetic Ink Code Reader
(C) Magnetic Ink Cases Reader
(D) None

4.VGA is
(A) Video Graphics Array ✔️
(B) Visual Graphics Array
(C) Volatile Graphics Array
(D) Video Graphics Adapter

5.Which of the following is not a class based on size?
(A) Mainframe Computer
(B) Micro Computer
(C) Mini Computer
(D) Digital Computer ✔️

6.Which of the following disk is fixed disk?
(A) Hard Disks ✔️
(B) Flash Disks
(C) Blu-Ray Disks
(D) DVDs

7.Which 8-bit chip was used in many of today’s TRS-80 computers?
(A) Z-8000
(B) Motorola 6809
(C) Z-8808
(D) Z-80 ✔️

8.Which of the following professions has not been affected by personal computers?
(A) Medical
(B) Clerical and law
(C) Accounting
(D) None of the Above✔️

9.In latest generation computers, the instructions are executed
(A) Parallel only
(B) Sequentially only
(C) Both Sequentially and Parallel ✔️
(D) All of above

10.The word Abacus is derived from Abax, a word from
(A) Latin Language ✔️
(B) Greek Language
(C) Sanskrit language
(D) Ancient Egypt

11.Which of the following memory medium is not used as main memory system?
(A) Magnetic core
(B) Semiconductor
(C) Magnetic Tape ✔️
(D) Both A and B

12.A kind of serial dot-matrix printer that forms characters with magnetically-charged ink sprayed dots is called
(A) Laser printer
(B) Ink-jet Printer ✔️
(C) Drum printer
(D) Chan printer

13.Which of the following does not affect the resolution of a video display image?
(A) Bandwidth
(B) Raster scan rage
(C) Vertical and horizontal lines of resolution
(D) Screen Size ✔️

14.An online backing storage system capable of storing larger quantities of data is
(B) Memory ✔️
(C) Mass storage
(D) Secondary storage

15.Which of the following printing devices and output composed of a series of data?
(A) Wire matrix printer
(B) Band printer
(C) Wang image printer
(D) Both A and C ✔️

16.Which of the following is an example of fifth generation computer?
(A) PIM/m ✔️
(B) ICL 2950
(C) IBM 1401
(D) None of above

17.Magnetic disks are the most popular medium for
(A) Direct access
(B) Sequential access
(C) Both of Above ✔️
(D) None of above

18.Which of the following is not a third generation computer?
(A) IBM 360
(B) IBM 1401✔️
(C) PDP-8
(D) HP2115

19.Mark I is also known as
(A) American Sequence Controlled Calculator
(B) Automatic Sequence Calculating Controller
(C) American Sequence Controlled Computer
(D) Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator ✔️

20.Which of the following registers is loaded with the contents the memory location pointed by the PC?
(A) Memory address registers
(B) Memory data registers
(C) Instruction Registers ✔️
(D) Program counter

21.Which of the following are the cheapest memory devices terms of Cost/Bit?
(A) Semiconductor memories
(B) Magnetic Disks
(C) Compact Disks ✔️
(D) Magnetic Tapes

22.The number of records contained within a block of data magnetic tape is defined by the
(A) Block definition
(B) Record contain clause
(C) Blocking Factor ✔️
(D) Record per block

23.MIS is designed to provide information needed for effective decision making by?
(A) Consumers
(B) Workers
(C) Foremen
(D) Managers ✔️

24.Latency time is
(A) Time to Spin the Needed Data Under Head ✔️
(B) Time to spin the needed data under track
(C) Time to spin data under sector
(D) All of above

25.Who built the first Mechanical Calculator?
(A) Joseph Marie Jacquard
(B) John Mauchly
(C) Blaise Pascal ✔️
(D) Howard Aiken

26.The most important advantage of a video disk is
(A) Compactness
(B) Potential Capacity ✔️
(C) Durability
(D) Cost effectiveness

27.Which of the following generation computers had expensive operation cost?
(A) First ✔️
(B) Second
(C) Third
(D) Fourth

28.Which is valid statement?
(A) 1 KB = 1024 Bytes ✔️
(B) 1 MB = 1024 Bytes
(C) 1 KB = 1000 Bytes
(D) 1 MB = 1000 Bytes

29.An IBM system/38 represents the computer class of:
(A) Small-scale Computer ✔️
(B) Medium-scale computer
(C) Large-scale computer
(D) Super computer

30.Cursor is a __
(A) Pixel
(B) Thin Blinking Line ✔️
(C) Pointing device
(D) None of these

31.Which device is used to backup the data?
(A) Floppy Disk
(B) Tape
(C) Network Drive
(D) All of the Above ✔️

32.Which of the following printers are you sure will not to use if your objective is to print on multi carbon forms?
(A) Daisy wheel
(B) Dot matrix
(C) Laser ✔️
(D) Thimble

33.Another word for a daisy wheel printer
(A) Petal printer
(B) Golf Ball Printer ✔️
(C) Laser printer
(D) Line printer

34.Which of the following items are examples of storage devices?
(A) Floppy / hard disks
(C) Tape devices
(D) All of the Above ✔️

35.ASCII and EBCDIC are the popular character coding systems. What does ASCII stand for?
(A) American Stable Code for International Interchange
(B) American Standard Case for Institutional Interchange
(C) American Standard Code for Information Interchange ✔️
(D) American Standard Code for Interchange Information

36.Which computers are used as servers for any medium sized organizations?
(A) Mainframe Computer
(B) Mini Computers ✔️
(C) Micro Computers
(D) Super Computers

37.A normal CD-ROM usually can store up to __________data?
(A) 680 KB
(B) 680 Bytes
(C) 680 MB ✔️
(D) 680 GB

38.Which of the following required large computer memory?
(A) Imaging
(B) Graphics
(C) Voice
(D) All of Above ✔️

39.Which was the computer conceived by Babbage?
(A) Analytical Engine ✔️
(B) Arithmetic machine
(C) Donald Knuth
(D) All of above

40.Slide Rules was invented in
(A) 1614
(B) 1617
(C) 1620 ✔️
(D) None of above
41.The lower deck of an abacus is known as
(A) Heaven
(B) Sky
(C) Earth ✔️
(D) Floor

42.All modern computer operate on
(B) Floppies
(C) Data ✔️

43.The computer that can input analog signals and return in digital form
(A) Analog Computers
(B) Digital Computers
(C) Hybrid Computers ✔️
(D) Mainframe Computers

44.What is the latest write-once optical storage media?
(A) Digital paper
(B) Magneto-optical disk
(C) WORM disk
(D) CD-ROM Disk ✔️

45.Offline device is
(A) A device which is not connected to CPU ✔️
(B) A device which is connected to CPU
(C) A direct access storage device
(D) An I/O device

46.Which of the following programming language started second generation?
(B) C

47.Floppy disks typically in diameter
(A) 3?
(B) 25?
(C) 8?
(D) All of Above ✔️

48.Current SIMMs have either _ or _ connectors (pins)
(A) 9 or 32
(B) 30 or 70
(C) 28 or 72
(D) 30 or 72 ✔️

49.Which one of the following input device is user-programmable?
(A) Dumb terminal
(B) Smart terminal
(D) Intelligent Terminal ✔️

50.Dot-matrix is a type of
(A) Tape
(B) Printer ✔️
(C) Disk
(D) Bus

51.Which is not consisted in a processor?
(B) CU
(C) Memory ✔️
(D) Registers

52.IBM 1401 is the first computer to enter in Nepal. It belonged to
(A) First Generation
(B) Second Generation ✔️
(C) Third Generation
(D) Froth Generation

53.Which of the following are the two main components of the CPU?
(A) Control Unit and Registers
(B) Registers and Main Memory
(C) Control unit and ALU ✔️
(D) ALU and bus

54.Fifth generation computer is also known as
(A) Knowledge Information Processing System ✔️
(B) Very large scale integration
(C) Both of above
(D) None of above

55.The Third Generation Computer was made with __.
(A) Vacuum Tube
(B) Discrete Components
(C) IC ✔️
(D) Bio Chips

56.Second Generation computers were developed during
(A) 1949 to 1955
(B) 1956 to 1965 ✔️
(C) 1965 to 1970
(D) 1970 to 1990

57.What is the name of the computer terminal which gives paper printout?
(A) Display screen
(B) Soft copy terminal
(C) Hard Copy Terminal ✔️
(D) Plotter

58.Programs are executed on the basis of a priority number in a
(A) Batch processing system
(B) Multiprogramming ✔️
(C) Time sharing
(D) None of these

59.When was the world’s first laptop computer introduced in the market and by whom?
(A) Hewlett-Packard
(B) Epson, 1981 ✔️
(C) Laplink traveling software In1982
(D) Tandy model-2000, 1985

60.Today’s computer giant IBM was earlier known by different name which was changed in 1924. What was that name?
(A) Computer Tabulating Recording Co.
(B) The Tabulator Ltd. ✔️
(C) International Computer Ltd.
(D) None of above

61.When was Apple Macintosh II microcomputer introduced in the market?
(A) 1964
(B) 1970
(C) 1983 ✔️
(D) 1986

62.The personnel who deals with the computer and its management put together are called
(A) Software
(B) Human Ware ✔️
(C) Firmware
(D) Hardware

63.Which of the following is
(A) Scanner ✔️
(B) Speaker
(C) Monitor
(D) Projector

64.Which of the following is
(A) Fields are composed of bytes
(B) Records are composed of fields
(C) Fields are composed of characters
(D) All of Above ✔️

65.WAN is a most used abbreviation full form?
(A) WAP Area Network
(B) Wide Area Network ✔️
(C) Wide Array of Network
(D) Wireless Access Network

66.In which language is source
(A) English
(B) Symbolic
(C) High Level ✔️
(D) Temporary

67.Which of the following is
(A) Video Graphics Array ✔️
(B) Visual Graphics Array
(C) Volatile Graphics Array
(D) Video Graphics Adapter

68.Who built the world’s first telephone relays, light bulbs
(A) Claude Shannon
(B) Konrard Zues
(C) George Stibits ✔️
(D) Howard H. Aiken

69.A song being played on computer
(A) Hard output
(B) Soft output
(C) Both hard and soft output
(D) Neither hard nor soft output

70.In the IBM PC-At, what do
(A) Additional Terminals
(B) Advance Technology ✔️
(C) Applied technology
(D) Advanced terminology

71.What is the number of read-trac magnetic tape?
(A) 9 ✔️
(B) 16
(C) 18
(D) 27

72.Apple Company used chips
(A) Intel
(B) Motorola ✔️
(C) Both of above
(D) None of above

73.Size of the primary memory
(A) 2KB to 8KB
(B) 64KB & 256KB
(C) 256KB & 640KB ✔️
(D) None of these

74.Which of the following are computers?
(A) Use of natural language
(B) Artificial intelligence
(C) Bio-chips
(D) All of Above ✔️

75.Charles Babbage was awarded by Royal Society for his
(A) Difference Engine ✔️
(B) Analytic Engine
(C) Binary System in Analytic Engine
(D) His concept of input, mill, output and storage

76.When we look at the cost, which of the following computer is most expensive?
(A) Mainframe Computer
(B) Mini Computers
(C) Micro Computers
(D) Super Computers ✔️

77.Which of the following will happen when data is entered into a memory location?
(A) It will add to the content of the location
(B) It will change the address of the memory location
(C) It will erase the Previous Content ✔️
(D) It will not be fruitful if there is already some data at the location

78.Which device is used as the standard pointing device in a Graphical User Environment?
(A) Keyboard
(B) Mouse ✔️
(C) Joystick
(D) Track ball

79.A computer which CPU speed around 100 million instruction per second and with the word length of around 64 bits is known as
(A) Super Computer ✔️
(B) Minicomputer
(C) Micro computer
(D) Macro computer

80.Mini computers and micro computers are from which generation of computers?
(A) First
(B) Second
(C) Third
(D) Fourth ✔️

81.Pick the one that is used for logical operations or comparisons such as less than equal to or greater than.
(A) Arithmetic and Logic Unit ✔️
(B) Control Unit
(C) Both of above
(D) None of above

82.Which of the following is true?
(A) Mark I was 8 feet long
(B) Mark I was 2 feet long
(C) Mark I was 40 feet long
(D) None of Above ✔️

83.Charles Babbage is considered the father of modern computers because
(A) Of his difference engine
(B) Of his analytical engine
(C) His concept of input, mill and output ✔️
(D) All of above

84.The operating speed of third generation computer was
(A) Milliseconds
(B) Microseconds
(C) Nanoseconds ✔️
(D) Picoseconds

85.Which of the following is used only for data entry and storage, and never for processing?
(A) Mouse
(B) Dumb Terminal ✔️
(C) Micro computer
(D) Dedicated data entry system

86.The primary advantage of key-
(A) A large percentage of editing entry
(B) Key verification is easily performed
(C) The tape is reusable ✔️
(D) Keying errors can be detected

87.Basic is __ language.
(A) A Procedural ✔️
(B) An object oriented
(C) Both A and B
(D) None of the above

88.What was the first computer?
(A) ICL/2950
(C) IBM 1401 ✔️
(D) None of above

89.A computer Program that translates at a time into machine language
(A) Interpreter ✔️
(C) Compiler
(D) Simulator

90.Which of the following have
(A) Semiconductor Memories ✔️
(B) Magnetic Disks
(C) Magnetic Tapes
(D) Compact Disks

91.The first electronic general Eckert and Mauchly called ENIAC program concept. How any internal memory?
(A) 100
(B) 20 ✔️
(C) 40
(D) 80

92.What was the name of the first microprocessor chip?
(A) Intel 308
(B) Intel 33
(C) Intel 4004 ✔️
(D) Motorola 639

93.Which of the following class physical quantities such as
(A) Analog Computers ✔️
(B) Digital Computers
(C) Hybrid Computers
(D) None of above

94.How many types of storage memory
(A) 8
(B) 4
(C) 16
(D) 2 ✔️

95.When did IBM introduce the
(A) 1982
(B) 1984 ✔️
(C) 1985
(D) 1989

96.The computer that process
(A) Analog Computer
(B) Digital Computer
(C) Hybrid Computer ✔️
(D) Mainframe Computer

97.The silicon chips used for data processing are called
(A) RAM chips
(B) ROM chips
(C) Micro Processors ✔️
(D) PROM chips

98.One of the main feature that distinguish microprocessors from micro-computer is
(A) Words are usually large in microprocessors
(B) Words are shorter in microprocessors
(C) Microprocessor does not contain I/O device ✔️
(D) Exactly the same as the machine cycle time

99.Which computers used operating systems by Microsoft?
(B) Apple/Macintosh PCs
(C) IBM Compatibles
(D) Both A & C ✔️

100.The processing speed of first generation computers was
(A) Milliseconds ✔️
(B) Microseconds
(C) Nanoseconds
(D) Picoseconds

Fundamental of Computer MCQ-1
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Fundamental of Computer MCQ-3
Fundamental of Computer MCQ-4
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